Publication Data

Yale Law School


Bulletin of Yale University

Series 119 Number 11 August 10, 2023

BULLETIN OF YALE UNIVERSITY (USPS 078-500) is published seventeen times a year (once in May and October, twice in September, three times in June, four times in July, six times in August) by Yale University, 2 Whitney Avenue, New Haven CT 06510. Periodicals postage paid at New Haven, Connecticut.

Bulletin of Yale University

PO Box 208227, New Haven CT 06520-8227

Managing Editor: Kimberly M. Goff-Crews

Editor: Steve Aitken

PO Box 208230, New Haven CT 06520-8230

The closing date for material in this bulletin was July 30, 2023.

The University reserves the right to amend or supplement the information published in this bulletin at any time, including but not limited to withdrawing or modifying the courses of instruction or changing the instructors.

©2023 by Yale University. All rights reserved. The material in this bulletin may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, in any form, whether in print or electronic media, without written permission from Yale University.


Requests for catalogues and J.D. application material should be made through the Law School website (; or by mail to the Director of Admissions, Yale Law School, PO Box 208215, New Haven CT 06520-8215; or by telephone, 203.432.4995.

Requests for LL.M., M.S.L., J.S.D., and Visiting Researcher information and/or application materials should be addressed to the Graduate Programs Office, Yale Law School, PO Box 208215, New Haven CT 06520-8215; telephone, 203.432.1696; email,; or materials can be accessed at the Law School website (

The Yale Law School Bulletin is primarily a digital publication, available in HTML and pdf at A limited number of copies were printed on 50% postconsumer recycled paper for Yale Law School and the permanent archive of the Bulletin of Yale University. Individual copies may also be purchased on a print-on-demand basis; please contact Yale Printing and Publishing Services, 203.432.6560.